Letter J

Whose Bird? - Number 10

Jackson, James............Josephine & Jouy

By Bruce Poulter

Sir Frederick John JACKSON was born in Catterick, North Yorkshire, in 1860 and attended Shrewsbury School and Jesus College, Cambridge. He first went to Africa in 1884 when he explored the Kenya Coast and Mount Kilimanjaro, shot game and collected birds and butterflies. as a member of the Imperial British East Africa Company he led several expeditions to 'open up' the country. He was Governor of Uganda from 1911 to 1917. As a member of the British Ornithologists Union he collected many specimens in East Africa, including some new species. After retiring he worked on a complete history of the birds of East Africa and Uganda, but this was unpublished when he died in 1929. Several birds are named after him including the Golden-backed Weaver (Ploceus jacksonii) ( Uganda, 1987, 5/-) and Jackson's Widowbird (Euplectes jacksoni) (Central African Republic, 1999, 280 francs).

Henry Berkeley James (1846-1892) was a British businessman who spent 20 years in Chile. He employed a collector called Carlos, who obtained the specimen of the Puna Flamingo (Phoenicopterus jamesi) ( Chile, 1985, 20 pesos) in north Chile. Mrs James presented it to the British Natural History Museum.

Michel Jankowski (1840-1903) was a polish zoologist who was exiled with others to Siberia from 1863 until his death. They were able to study the fauna of Lake Baikal and other parts of eastern Siberia with financial support provided by the Polish Zoological Society. The Rufous-backed Bunting (Emberiza jankowski) (Russia, 1981, 15 kopeks) is a very rare bird with a limited range and is included in the Red Data Book.

Sir William Jardine, Seventh Baronet of Applegarth (1870-1874) was a Scottish ornithologist who made natural history available to all levels of Victorian Society by editing and issuing the hugely popular 40 volumes of 'The Naturalist's Library'. In 1833 he wrote 'The Natural History of Hummingbirds' so it is appropriate that the Velvet-purple Coronet (Boissonneaua jardini) (Guyana, 1996, $60) is named after him.

Mrs Marion Johnstone was a well-known aviculturist who received an award for breeding the lorikeet that was named after her - the Mindanao Lorikeet (Trichoglossus johnstoniae) (Philippines, 1969, 10 + 5 sentimos). She was sent a bird in 1903, the first of the species to be imported into Europe, and was the first to breed them successfully in captivity - anywhere. The lorikeet, which is found only in montane forests of Mindanao is described as being 'vulnerable' with a world population below 10,000.

Josephine Finsch was the wife of the German ornithologist Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch (1839- 1917). He elected to name Josephine's Lorikeet (Charmosyna josefinae) ( Somalia, 1999, 3300 shillings) after his wife. This lorikeet is found only in the montane forests of central and west of New Guinea, so is quite 'off course' in East Africa!

Pierre Louis Jouy (1856-1894) was an American diplomat, amateur naturalist and ethnographer. He 'collected' in Japan in 1881 and Korea from 1885 to 1889. Several species of fish, collected in Hong Kong and Shanghai, are named after him. In later years he collected in Arizona and New Mexico. The Ryukyu Pigeon (Columba jouyi) (Japan, 2000, 80 yen), which was named after him, became extinct in about 1936.

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