Letter L, third part

Whose Bird - Number 14

Lina....Loddiges....Lord Derby....Ludwig

By Bruce Poulter

Lina Rabor (? - 1997) was the wife of Dioscoro Rabor, a pre-eminent Phillipine zoologist and conservationist, and accompanied him on all his research trips. Her husband found a bird in 1965, which he misidentified as the Apo Sunbird. When specimens of this bird, with its mislabelled tags, reached the Cincinnati Museum of Natural History and Science in 1989 the mistaken identity was realised and it was named in her honour. Lina's Sunbird (Aethopyga linaraborae, Phillipines, 2008, 7 piso) has iridescent patches of blues, purples and emerald, which the Apo lacks.

Thomas Lincoln (1812-1883) was an American naturalist. As a young man he went on a trip with Audubon to Labrador, where he shot the bird which now bears his name. He was described as a quiet, reserved, practical and reliable man, who later became a farmer and noted local abolitionist in his home state of Maine. Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii, Canada, 2004, 80 cents) was originally called 'Tom's Finch' by Audubon who named it after him. This was, incidentally, the only new bird found on the trip!

David Livingstone (1813-1873) was a Scottish doctor and missionary and probably the most famous African explorer. He is remembered as the first European to have gone into the heart of Africa. He elected to become a missionary when he was persuaded that science and theology were not in opposition. He left for South Africa in 1840. His expeditions brought him fame more as a scientist and surgeon than as a missionary. He made enemies among white settlers by befriending the indigenous people. His indictment of the slave trade laws did much to enforce anti-slavery laws. His discovery of the Victoria Falls sealed his fame on his return to Britain in 1856. His last expedition was to search for the source of the Nile. False reports of his death led to Stanley's equally famous mission to find him. Two birds are named after him, namely Livingstone's Flycatcher (Erythrocercus livingstonei, Zambia, 1990, 10 ngwee) and Livingstone's Turaco (Tauraco livingstonii, Malawi, 1968, £2).

George Loddiges (1784-1846) was generally credited with raising the profile of the Hackney nursery established by his father. He was a botanical artist who published over 2000 plates of rare plants introduced into hot houses. As a taxidermist, he also owned a large collection of preserved hummingbirds. The Marvellous Spatuletail (Loddigesia mirabilis, Hungary, 1998, 150 forint), which was named after him, is unique in only having four tail feathers.

Alphonse Pierre Françoise Le Touze de Longuemare (1803-1881) was a French amateur who collected a specimen a specimen of the Little Hermit (Phaethornis longuemareus, Surinam, 2012, $4) which now bears his name. Among the smallest of hummingbirds the Little Hermit may be found in Trinidad and from north east Venezuela east to French Guiana.

Jose Lopez was a Portuguese collector in Africa. He collected for Boyd Alexander who took him on all his trips to Africa, including the island of Bioko (now part of Equatorial Guinea) in 1902. Alexander named the Evergreen Forest Warbler (Bradypterus lopezi, Malawi, 1988, 1tambalas) after Lopez in 1903. Lopez was present when local people killed Alexander in 1910.

The 13th Earl of Derby (1775-1851) was a zoologist and collector. He founded the Derby Museum which was formed from his specimen collection, including 318 bird species. He was President of the Linnean Society and the Zoological Society of London and Member of Parliament for Preston. He contributed to saving the Hawaiian Goose which was first bred in captivity at Knowsley Park in 1824. His father gave his name to the world-famous horse race and his son was three times prime Minister of Great Britain. The Horned Guan (Oreophasis derbianus, Mexico, 1993, 2 pesos) is one of four birds named after him.

Dr. Lamberto Loria (1855- 1913) was an Italian ethnologist who collected in New Guinea in 1889 and 1890. He founded the first Italian Museum of Ethnography in Florence in 1906. When the objects in that Museum were transferred to Rome, over 30,000 objects collected by Loria and his assistants were added to the collections. Loria's Bird-of-Paradise (Cnemophilus loriae, Papua New Guinea, 1991, 5 toea) was named after him.

Baron Carl Friedrich von Ludwig (1784-1847) was a botanist, businessman, pharmacist and zoo-keeper who resided in Cape Town from 1805 to 1847. He became a well-known collector who sent many specimens to German Museums. Rűppell described and named Ludwig's Bustard (Neotis ludwigii, Namibia, 2010, postcard rate) after him.

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