Letters Q and R

Whose Bird - Number 20

..Queen Carola...Rachel...Retz...Ridgway...

By Bruce Poulter

Queen Carola of Saxony (1833-1907) was the wife of King Albert of Saxony. They both had birds-of-paradise named after them by A B Meyer in 1894.Her bird, Queen Carola's Parotia (Parotia carolae), (Papua New Guinea, 1973, 7 cents), is also perhaps more descriptively known as Queen Carola of Saxony's Six-wired Bird-ofparadise. Its home is in the mountains of west and central New Guinea.

Lieutenant Colonel Paul Rabier was a French army officer who served in Indochina at the end of the 19th Century. It may have been him, under the name of Gustave Marie Paul Rabier a French officer from Indochina, who was killed in the First World War. If so, he has a street named after him in Shanghai. The Red-collared Woodpecker (Picus rabieri), (Vietnam, 1999, 3000 dông), was named after him. This woodpecker is found in the forests of northern Vietnam and eastern Laos.

Rachel Cassin was the daughter of the American ornithologist John Cassin (1813-1869). Rachel was also his mother's name. Cassin married at about the time that he described Rachel's Malimbe (Malimbus racheliae), (Gambia, 2001, 8 dalasi), so it seems more likely that he named it after his daughter rather than his mother. Rachel's Malimbe is not found in Gambia, but in lowland forests of west central Africa.

John R Reeves (1774-1856) was an English amateur naturalist who worked in China, chiefly in Macao, between 1812 and 1831. It was he who sent the first specimens of the Muntjac Deer back to England, where escapes from collections have been established. He also introduced many plants, including Wisteria, into Britain. Reeves' Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii), (Laos, 1986, 4kip), was named after him in recognition of his being the first person to bring live birds to Europe.

Dr. Anton Reichenow (1847-1941) worked in the Humboldt Museum from 1874 to 1921. He dominated German ornithology for many years and was widely regarded as the leading expert of his time on African birds, although he only visited Africa once on a collecting expedition.. He published a three-volume handbook on the birds of Africa from 1900 to 1905. Ten or more birds are named after him, but only the Red-faced Crimsonwing (Cryptospiza reichenovii), (Liberia, 1996, 35cents) has been featured on stamps.

Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt (1773-1854) was a Dutch ornithologist who collected in Java from 1817 to 1822. In 1801 he gained a doctorate in Natural Philosophy and Medical Science and became Professor of Chemistry at the University of Harderwijk. Louis Napoleon made him director of his menagerie in Amsterdam, and he became Professor of Natural History there. In 1816 he was made responsible for all matters concerning agriculture, arts and sciences in Java. While collecting he was meticulous and detailed in the documentation of his specimens and pleased to extend opportunities for research to others. Fellow naturalists named many plants and birds after him including the Great Cuckoo-Dove (Reinwordtoena reinwardtii), (Guinea-Bissau, 1989, 1500 peso).

Anders Jahan Retzius (1742-1821) was a Swedish naturalist and Professor of Natural History, Economy and Chemistry at Lund. Retz's Helmetshrike (Prionops retzii), (Zambia, 1990, 50 ngwee) may, however, have been named after one of his sons, Anders Adolph Retzius or Carl Gustav Retzius both of whom were professors.

Pierre-Paul Rheinhard (1840-1902) was an officer in the French army and an administrator in Vietnam. For ten years he was Chargé d'Affaires in Annam before becoming Résident-Générale in Annam- Tonkin in 1889. He sent the first specimen of Rheinhard's Pheasant (Rheinardia ocellata), (Malaysia, 2000, 2 ringgit) to Paris.

Rear-Admiral George Edward Richards (1852-1927) was an English geographer who collected in the East Indies. He was the son of Admiral Sir George Richards, who was Hydrographer to the Royal Navy. The Silver-capped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus richardsii), (Solomon Islands, 2012, $5 Australian), was named after him.

Robert Ridgway (1850-1929) was a professorial zoologist and curator. he was only 17 when he was appointed zoologist on a geological survey of the 40th parallel. He was Curator of Birds at the United States National Museum in Washington DC for almost 50 years. He became the Founder President of the American Ornithologists' Union. He was a fine illustrator famed for his sketches of birds around his Illinois home. He proposed a colour system which gave 1115 colour standards for use in the identification of the colours of birds. Two birds named after him feature on stamps, namely the Turquoise Cotinga (Cotinga ridgwayi), (Honduras, 2005, 8 lempira) and Ridgway's Hawk (Buteo ridgwayi), (Dominican Republic, 1996, $2),

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